History of Cobblestone Farms
Romantic but realistic, picturesque yet practical, historic and hard wearing, cobblestones, also appearing as cobble stones or cobbled stones, have been a part of building since ancient times.
Cobblestones were traditionally used to build roads by the Romans as far back as 200 BC. Used because they were cheap and abundant and they allowed animals, carriages and people to more easily travel as they covered mud, dirt and other obstacles. Cobblestones would withstand weather and over the centuries they have withstood time with romantic cobblestone streets still in existence across Europe and the UK especially.
In the 1400s through to the 1800s cobblestone architecture emerged and the stones were used to build structures including cobblestone farm houses. In the UK, stone houses including cobble stone farmhouses appeared in the 15th century and in the US, known as cobblestone farms, can be dated to the 1800s.
Building with Cobblestones
The cobbles are rounded stones which were retrieved primarily from rivers. The water action over time had rounded their edges, making them ideal for building purposes. They were secured in place with sand originally in road building and then for structure-building into mortar.
Some claim that cobblestone architecture was first started in the north eastern states of the USA. However, with many earlier examples on other continents, this claim may be refuted. The work of building cobblestone farms was primarily carried out by stonemasons. A trade which had been fast disappearing as modern construction methods became more popular. But with the popularity of reviving stone houses, restoring historic properties and conserving architectural history, traditional stonemasonry work is in high demand, especially in renovating cobblestone farms.
The cobblestone method of construction was used in building farm houses, houses in cities and towns and for churches and other large structures.
Reviving Stone Houses
With an increasing appreciation of history and conserving our past, there is a growing trend to reviving old buildings especially cobblestone farms. Many properties, especially across North America, have been restored, revived and transformed into more contemporary purposes. Cobblestone farms are now used as events and function centres, short stay accommodation and as cultural centres.